ethical reasoning about your topic
Hi there, I need help writing this and no need to be longer that half page, I will also send you the articles that I had to read. ( The articles are all the way to the bottom )
In developing both your critical reading of the articles on the issue you chose, and also for thinking about your own argument, it can be useful to consider what ethical aspects there may be to the issue.
Traditionally, ethical reasoning tends to take two forms, which may be separate kinds of ethical argument or may be combined in some fashion. One pattern of ethical reasoning is principle-based argument: you determine what ethical values and principles are either directly stated or may be only implied that are relevant to the issue (another term for this might be determining what the ethical “criteria” are). You then analyze how these values or principles would apply to the situation or issue (another term for this might be determining how the criteria “match” the course of action, ethical judgment, etc.). So we could call this a two-step process of criteria-match: first, determine what the relevant ethical principles are; then, figure out how these principles would apply to a particular course of action, or whether you judge a position or course of action to be consistent with the ethical principles, etc. Present evidence that the course of action would (or would not) match the relevant ethical principles or criteria.
A second approach to ethical reasoning is “utilitarian” analysis: you assess how a particular course of action would benefit and/or harm individuals, and you calculate whether it would result in greater good, or benefit to individuals, or whether it would do more harm than good. In particular, you measure the costs (in ethical terms) or benefits of any particular course of action, and make an ethical judgment based on this calculation of “the greatest good for the greatest number” (John Stuart Mill).
For this assignment, think about your issue from the ethical perspective. What are the ethical principles that are either directly stated by any of the articles you chose, or are at least implied by them? How would you evaluate various positions both others and you may take on the issue in terms of either implied or directly stated ethical values or principles? Alternately, or perhaps in some combination with this type of analysis, what would be the potential benefit, or harm, of adopting any particular course of action on the issue?
To further develop the detail of this kind of ethical reasoning about your issue, you might consider the attached handout from James Madison University about The Eight Key Questions (8KQ) that most commonly come up in thinking about issues from an ethical perspective.
Of Two Tongues: The Bilingual Education Debate
National University is primarily located in California, a state where there is a very large percentage of bilingual students. In fact, many of you in this class may be bilingual yourself or have parents who speak a language other than English as their primary language. Did you or someone you know participate in bilingual education? Did you find it educationally valuable to learn in your native tongue while you learned English? Of course, you do not need to be bilingual yourself to care about this issue. Bilingual education is a major debate in education circles itself. It is also a broader, national debate that asks to what extent our society should encourage enculturation of non-English speaking immigrants into broader American culture. As a nation of immigrants, we all likely should have an opinion on this issue.
Anderson, Melinda D. “The Costs of English-Only Education.” The Atlantic, 2 Nov. 2015. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2015/11/the-costs-of-english-only-education/413494/. Accessed 14 March 2017.
Carter, Phillip M. â€œWhy This Bilingual Education Ban Should Have Repealed Long Ago.â€ CNN, 4 Mar. 2014. http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/04/opinion/carter-bilingual-education/. Accessed 26 Oct. 2016.
Chavez, Linda. â€œBilingual Education Idiocy in California.â€ New York Post, 6 June 2014.http://nypost.com/2014/06/06/bilingual-education-idiocy-in-california/. Accessed 26 Oct. 2016.
Fix, Michael. â€œHow â€˜Theyâ€™ Become â€˜Weâ€™.â€ The American Prospect, vol. 27, no. 3, Summer 2016, pp. 80-81.http://nuls.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.nuls.idm.oclc.org/docview/1804562391?accountid=25320.
Goldenberg, Claude and Kirstin Wagner. â€œWhy Voters Should End Californiaâ€™s Limits on Bilingual Education.â€ San Francisco Chronicle, 10 Sep. 2015. http://www.sfchronicle.com/opinion/article/Why-voters-should-end-California-s-limits-on-6497041.php. Accessed 26 Oct. 2016.
Hamilton, Kendra. â€œBilingual or Immersion?â€ Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 23-26. https://nuls.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20602209&site=ehost-live.
Porter, Rosalie Pedalino. â€œThe Case against Bilingual Education.â€ The Atlantic, vol. 281, no. 5, May 1998, pp. 28-39. http://search.ebscohost.com.nuls.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=757633&site=ehost-live.
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