final exam anthropology 131 lab

Be advised the teacher hard grade so please give it your all as it is a Fianl exam and if i fell I will not pass this class!!!!!

Questions 1 : As parts of the scientific method, define what a scientific hypothesis is, what a scientific theory is, and how both are different from a “guess”. ?




Questions 2: Briefly list each of the nine steps of evolution by natural selection from lecture. (You will explain them more fully in a later question…)?





Questions 3: Define evolution, and describe some specific evidence that proves it actually occurs and is not “just a theory” (as is sometimes claimed by people who don’t understand what a scientific theory is).?





Questions 4 : Explain what Intelligent Design is, and why multiple court decisions prohibit teaching it in public high school.?





Questions 5: Describe what genes are, and explain the difference between “stuff genes”, “switches”, and “body plan genes”.?





Questions 6: Explain what mutations are, and why they are so important for evolution?





Questions 7 : Explain what meiosis is and why it is so important for evolution.?





Questions 8 : {You should draw a Punnet Square on a separate sheet of paper to calculate the ratios for this question}

The genes for tongue rolling are R and r, and the allele for the ability to tongue roll is dominant.

If a female who can not roll her tongue mates with a male that is heterozygous for this trait: What are the genotype and phenotype ratios for their possible kids?





Questions 9 : Use the 9 steps of evolution to explain how terrestrial rodents evolved into early arboreal primates.

Start with one specific trait that will eventually make early primates different from their rodent ancestors.

Explain each of the nine steps of evolution by natural selection to show that you understand the whole process of primate evolution by describing the specific relevant traits, selection pressures, and adaptive benefits.?






Questions 10 : Describe some morphological features of strepsirhini / prosimians (like features that make them different from non-primates), and also some things that you learned about the behaviors of a specific species of lemur.?






Questions 11 : Describe some morphological features specific to tarsiiformes, and some things you learned about tarsiers. ?





Questions 12: Describe some morphological features specific to platyrrhini, and also some things that you learned about the behaviors of a specific species of New World monkey.?







Questions 13: Describe some morphological features specific to the cercopithecoideagroup of catarhini, and also some things that you learned about the behaviors of a specific species of Old World monkey.?




Questions 14: What is the dental formula for all hominoidea (including humans), and which teeth do these numbers represent? Then also describe some morphological features that make apes different from monkeys.??




Questions 15: Explain what you learned about the social and mating behaviors of gibbons / siamangs.?





Questions 16: Explain some interesting things that you learned about the behaviors and cognitive abilities of orangutans. ???








Questions 17: Male and female gorilla skulls look very different from each other. Explain how (some of the ways that) they are different, and also why they are different from each other.?






Questions 18: If this exam had taken place in our lab classroom, I would have put out five skulls for you to identify: a lemur, tarsier, capuchin, macaque, & orangutan

So for the online version of this exam, explain to me what features on the skulls you would have used to correctly identify which species each skull is. Explain for each of the five skulls, a few traits that make them different from each other that you would have used to identify each one.

Be clear and specific about what traits you would use, how the skulls would be different from each other, and how these traits can help you identify each species. You need enough information in your answer to convince me that you would have been able to correctly identify and prove which skull of the five skulls belonged to the species listed above.

Clearly organize your answer by species. Tell me how you would identify each of the skulls of these five primates:

1) lemur, 2) tarsier, 3) capuchin, 4) macaque, 5) orangutan ?? ????

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