# data analysis and business analytics assignments and discussion

**WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT** **(APPLY: REGRESSION MODELING)**

The Excel file for this assignment contains a database with information about the tax assessment value assigned to medical office buildings in a city. The following is a list of the variables in the database:

*FloorArea*: square feet of floor space*Offices*: number of offices in the building*Entrances*: number of customer entrances*Age*: age of the building (years)*AssessedValue*: tax assessment value (thousands of dollars)

**Use** the data to construct a model that predicts the tax assessment value assigned to medical office buildings with specific characteristics.

- Construct a scatter plot in Excel with
*FloorArea*as the independent variable and*AssessmentValue*as the dependent variable. Insert the bivariate linear regression equation and r^2 in your graph. Do you observe a linear relationship between the 2 variables? - Use Excelâ€™s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis of
*FloorArea*and*AssessmentValue*. Is*FloorArea*a significant predictor of*AssessmentValue*? - Construct a scatter plot in Excel with
*Age*as the independent variable and*AssessmentValue*as the dependent variable. Insert the bivariate linear regression equation and r^2 in your graph. Do you observe a linear relationship between the 2 variables? - Use Excelâ€™s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis of Age and Assessment Value. Is
*Age*a significant predictor of*AssessmentValue*?

**Construct **a multiple regression model.

- Use Excelâ€™s Analysis ToolPak to conduct a regression analysis with
*AssessmentValue*as the dependent variable and*FloorArea*,*Offices*,*Entrances*, and*Age*as independent variables. What is the overall fit r^2? What is the adjusted r^2? - Which predictors are considered significant if we work with Î±=0.05? Which predictors can be eliminated?
- What is the final model if we only use
*FloorArea*and Offices as predictors? - Suppose our final model is:
*AssessedValue*= 115.9 + 0.26 x*FloorArea*+ 78.34 x*Offices*- What wouldbe the assessed value of a medical office building with a floor area of 3500 sq. ft., 2 offices, that was built 15 years ago? Is this assessed value consistent with what appears in the database?

**WEEK 6 DISCUSSION**

Time series are particularly useful to track variables such as revenues, costs, and profits over time. Time series models help evaluate performance and make predictions. Consider the following and respond in a minimum of 175 words:

- Time series decomposition seeks to separate the time series (Y) into 4 components: trend (T), cycle (C), seasonal (S), and irregular (I). What is the difference between these components?
- The model can be additive or multiplicative. When we do use an additive model? When do we use a multiplicative model?
- The following list gives the gross federal debt(in millions of dollars) for the U.S. every 5 years from 1945 to 2000:

Year Gross Federal Debt ($millions)

1945 260,123

1950 256,853

1955 274,366

1960 290,525

1965 322,318

1970 380,921

1975 541,925

1980 909,050

1985 1,817,521

1990 3,206,564

1995 4,921,005

2000 5,686,338

- Construct a scatter plot with this data. Do you observe a trend? If so, what type of trend do you observe?
- Use Excel to fit a linear trend and an exponential trend to the data. Display the models and their respective r^2.
- Interpret both models. Which model seems to be more appropriate? Why?

**WEEK 6 ASSIGNMENT (APPLY: SMART PARKING SPACE APP PRESENTATION)**

**Scenario:** A cityâ€™s administration isnâ€™t driven by the goal of maximizing revenues or profits but instead looks at improving the quality of life of its residents. Many American cities are confronted with high traffic and congestion. Finding parking spaces, whether in the street or a parking lot, can be time consuming and contribute to congestion. Some cities have rolled out data-driven parking space management to reduce congestion and make traffic more fluid.

Youâ€™re a data analyst working for a mid-size city that has anticipated significant increments in population and car traffic. The city is evaluating whether it makes sense to invest in infrastructure to count and report the number of parking spaces available at the different parking lots downtown. This data would be collected and processed in real-time, feeding an app that motorists can access to find parking space availability in different parking lots throughout the city.

**Instructions: **Work with the provided Excel database. This database has the following columns:

- LotCode: A unique code that identifies the parking lot
- LotCapacity: A number with the respective parking lot capacity
- LotOccupancy: A number with the current number of cars in the parking lot
- TimeStamp: A day/time combination indicating the moment when occupancy was measured
- Day: The day of the week corresponding to the TimeStamp
- Insert a new column, OccupancyRate, recording occupancy rate as a percentage with one decimal. For instance, if the current LotOccupancy is 61 and LotCapacity is 577, then the OccupancyRate would be reported as 10.6 (or 10.6%).
- Using the OccupancyRate and Day columns, construct box plots for each day of the week. You can use Insert > Insert Statistic Chart >Box and Whisker for this purpose. Is the median occupancy rate approximately the same throughout the week? If not, which days have lower median occupancy rates? Which days have higher median occupancy rates? Is this what you expected?
- Using the OccupancyRate and LotCode columns,construct box plots for each parking lot. You can use Insert > Insert Statistic Chart >Box and Whisker for this purpose. Do all parking lots experience approximately equal occupancy rates?Are some parking lots more frequented than others? Is this what you expected?
- Select any 2 parking lots. For each one, prepare as catter plot showing occupancy rate against TimeStamp for the week 11/20/2016 â€“11/26/2016. Are occupancy rates time dependent? If so, which times seem to experience highest occupancy rates? Is this what you expected?

**Presentation: **

**Create** a 10- to 12-slide presentation with speaker notes and audio. Your audience is the City Council members who are responsible for deciding whether the city invests in resources to set in motion the smart parking space app.

**Complete** the following in your presentation:

- Outline the rationale and goals of the project.
- Utilize boxplots showing the occupancy rates for each day of the week. Include your interpretation of results.
- Utilize box plots showing the occupancy rates for each parking lot. Include your interpretation of results.
- Provide scatter plots showing occupancy rate against time of day of your selected four parking lots. Include your interpretation of results.
- Make a recommendation about continuing with the implementation of this project.

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